- Choosing the proper HiFi speaker: main aspects to consider
- Some tips before buying your hi fi speakers
The best hi fi speakers for your listening needs: don’t miss our offers
Once you have chosen the different elements to create your spectacular hi fi system, the next step is to choose and install the speakers to listen to all your music. HiFi speakers offer high-fidelity sound, which is what HiFi (High Fidelity) means. This type of speaker stands out for its sound, which is very faithful to the original, with hardly any alterations. This technology aims to keep noise or distortion to a minimum, to provide the best possible audio experience.
For a speaker to be considered HiFi it has to pass a series of very demanding tests and comply with a certain standard. If this is not the case, the speaker cannot obtain this designation. Following this approach. Auna designs, develops and tests a wide range of hi fi speakers, designed for different types of users. With particular attention to design, and a meticulous choice of the best materials, we are able to offer you different solutions for listening to your music with the highest audio quality. Read on to discover the different types of hi fi speakers that you can find in our online shop, and to have some preliminary information about their basic functionalities.
Choosing the proper HiFi speaker: main aspects to consider
First of all, we are going to delve into the different characteristics that can be found in hi fi speakers in general. In this way, we are sure that you will be able to better understand how they work:
- Frequency response
This value is related to the quality of the sound that reaches the human ear. It is measured at different audio frequency levels (from 20 to 20,000Hz). In this sense, the higher the frequency response, the higher the quality of the final sound. Because this value is not completely flat, the response will not be the same for bass or treble sounds. For this reason, it is very important that there is as little difference in sound (in decibels) as possible in order to avoid distortion.
This characteristic is related to the amount of electrical power that the speakers are capable of withstanding. It has nothing to do with acoustic power and is always measured in watts. If the speaker receives too much "power", it may be damaged or the sound may be distorted. It should be noted that there are two types of power:
- Nominal power. This is the amount of "maximum" power the hi fi speakers can withstand before it deteriorates. Otherwise, it may be permanently damaged, as the peripheral is not capable of dissipating the heat produced by electricity.
- Peak power. This consists of the signal peaks that the loudspeakers can withstand in short periods of time, just before the diaphragm inside the coil deteriorates.
This value measured in ohms and has to do with the "opposition" that sound has when passing through an alternating current. In the case of speakers, the impedance varies according to the frequency and therefore also the model of the speaker. In one way or another, if you want to achieve the highest possible energy transfer between the sound source (the amplifier) and the speaker, the impedances between the two components must be as similar as possible.
Sensitivity measures nothing more or less than the relationship between the electrical level of the speaker's input and the sound pressure obtained by the sound that is produced. It is always measured in DB/W at a distance of one metre and by applying a power of 1W directly to the speaker.
The sensitivity of the speaker is measured by this value, which determines the relationship between the radiated sound power and the electrical power coming in. If the efficiency of the loudspeakers is low, it is between 1-5%. This means that if, for example, 100W comes in, 1-5W always comes out.
The loudspeaker can be considered one of the most distortion-causing audio systems because there are all kinds of elements that cause it, such as partial vibrations, or air gap flow. Much of the distortion is usually in the bass sounds.
This value determines the direction of the sound right from the moment it leaves the speaker. That is, the way the sound is distorted when it reaches the room. From there, the direction of the sound can be divided into three categories: omnidirectional (the sound radiates at 360º), bidirectional (the sound travels in the shape of an eight, symmetrically) and unidirectional (the sound goes in a very marked direction and is therefore very silent).
Bookshelf Speakers: high-end sound in compact size
Bookshelf speakers are one of the most sought-after categories. They are usually small or medium-sized speakers, much larger than desktop or PC speakers, from which they also differ, consistently in terms of materials, performance, timbre and, in general, the ability to reproduce music really well. The speakers can be "active", in this case they are so specialised that they are considered apart. Passive bookshelf speaker are always placed on dedicated stands, or standard ones, that ideally bring the tweeter to the ideal sitting listening position, around 100/11 cm height. The vast majority of bookshelf speakers are two-way, i.e. equipped with a tweeter for high frequencies and a woofer for mid-bass. Sometimes the speakers can be three-way, consisting of tweeter, mid-range speaker, and woofer.
Floor-standing speakers: elegant design and precise acoustic response
Also known as tower speakers, floor-standing speakers are designed to be placed directly on the floor of the room, and many consider them an absolute synonym for high fidelity. They can give great emotions reproducing the lowest notes of basses and pianos, reaching low-end frequencies that bookshelf speakers can't reproduce, unless you combine them with a supporting subwoofer.
Floor-standing speakers are available in different sizes, from about one metre high to larger and prestigious models able to deliver a real and lively musical experience, that will remind you of live performances. Good floor-standing loudspeakers offer an absolutely faithful scenic reconstruction of the musical recording and allow you to distinguish, with your eyes closed, the different positions of the singer, the piano, the drummer, the violins and the soprano!
These floor-standing loudspeakers differ from more compact stand speakers because of the greater internal volume and the typical presence of several drivers, especially for the mid-bass and bass. Most loudspeakers have a classic and immediately recognizable shape - roughly a parallelepiped with front cones, we could say - but some models have a unique refined design.
2.1 speakers: the best choice for your gaming experience
When people talk about 2.1 speakers, they refer to a system with two channels for the tops and mids - the two small speakers - and one channel for the bass frequencies - the subwoofer. They are usually compatible with all types of devices, although there are normally two devices with which we will use them in this respect:
- PC: you can connect them to the computer, thus allowing a great sound when listening to music, but also when playing games or watching series and films. The connection is usually very simple, in addition, by means of the cable, so it doesn't take long.
- TV: As with the computer, we can use them with our TV at home. This will allow for richer sound when watching series, programmes or films. We can also use them when we want to play console games on the TV, for a better gaming experience.
How to choose 2.1 speakers
When it comes to buying 2.1 speakers, the presence of various connections (jack, optical input, auxiliary, RCA) is essential for their use. A larger number of connections may allow you to use them with more devices. Bluetooth connectivity is also an interesting feature, allowing you to eliminate cables, and to pair your hi fi speakers easily with different devices: if you prefer to have this option, check their specifications carefully, as not all speakers have them. Sound power is a determining factor in many cases, especially if the speakers are to be used in a large space. Although there are clear differences between the models in terms of power, generally speaking, if you are looking for a powerful speaker system, you should go for models around 150W.
5.1 surround sound: six channels of absolute listening pleasure
5.1 speakers are those that provide a surround sound, using five full broadband channels and one channel with low frequency effects (.1). Some systems such as Dolby Digital, Dolby Pro Logic, DTS, and SDDS are typical of this type. In this case, the 5.1 speakers are configured with a left and right front channel, a central channel, two surround channels and a subwoofer.
Over the years, quite a few different types of 5.1 speakers have emerged. So there are plenty of options to choose from when you go to market for a speaker you are interested in. So it is good to know what types you can find today:
- Cabled: 5.1 hi fi speakers that have cables to connect them to other devices are the most common, although little by little other options have emerged. Some limitations may affect their use when the cables are not long enough.
- Wireless: they can be connected with Bluetooth or WiFi, providing a certain freedom when using them, especially when placing them in different spaces or areas in a room. In some cases they can be more expensive.
- Entry-level The advancement of 5.1 speakers has led to the emergence of cheaper models as well, allowing users with a smaller budget to buy a good system in this sense.
- Home Cinema: Most 5.1 speakers on the market are designed to be used in a home cinema system. The quality of the sound and the fact that it is a surround sound allows a great audio experience
Some tips before buying your hi fi speakers
Don't rush to buy the first pair of speakers that fit your eyes. There are a few things to think about before you go shopping, and certainly the size of the room is an important factor to consider for such a purchase: small hi fi speakers will not sound good in a very large room or large speakers in a small room, and in these cases, neither will be adapted to their environment and their performance will not be appreciated.
Another factor that you should carefully consider is the location of the speakers. It is advisable to place them at the level of your ears from where you will hear them most often. There is really no specific rule for placement, although the size of the room and also the acoustics can influence reproduction. The important thing is to find a good location, which will allow us to enjoy the sound at all times. It depends to a large extent on the use you make of your hi fi speakers and their power. A very powerful speaker does not need to be placed close to you, while a less powerful one may be closer.
Place them slightly in front of the wall, and if they have several ports on the back, leave some space with the wall, for example: this is especially important in case you have to connect something sometime, also to avoid problems with such cables in the hi fi speakers and avoid leaving them in the corners so that the bass can emit perfectly. If they are to be placed on the floor or on a shelf, make sure that the base fits well and that they do not move, to avoid problems. There are many guides you can find online for positioning hi fi speakers, but we recommend you experiment with location until you find the one that gives the best sound.